1/9
Care giver perception of children's obesity-related health risk: a study of African American families / D Young Hyman; LJ Herman; DL Scott; DG Schlundt.-- p.241-248.-- En: Obesity Research.-- 8, 3 (2000)
ADULTO   ACTITUD FRENTE A LA SALUD   NEGROS   INDICE DE MASA CORPORAL   CUIDADORES   NIÑO   INFANTE   DIABETES MELLITUS   EJERCICIO   CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA   TEST DE TOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   GLUCOSURIA   ENTREVISTAS   ANALISIS MULTIVARIADO   OBESIDAD   PERCEPCION   ANALISIS DE REGRESION   FACTORES DE RIESGO   CLASE SOCIAL
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-4565
Tipo de Material:
Separata

Ver separata



2/9
Prediction of infant birth weight by GDM screening tests. Importance of plasma triglyceride / RH Knopp; MS Magee; CE Walden; B Bonet; TJ Benedetti.-- p.1605-1613.-- En: Diabetes Care.-- 15, 11 (1992)
ANALISIS DE VARIANZA   PESO AL NACER   GLUCOSA DE LA SANGRE   DIABETES GESTACIONAL   TEST DE TOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   HEMOGLOBINA A GLICOSILADA   RECIEN NACIDO   INSULINA   MEDIA EDAD   EMBARAZO   SEGUNDO TRIMESTRE DEL EMBARAZO   TERCER TRIMESTRE DEL EMBARAZO   TRIGLICERIDOS
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-4649
Tipo de Material:
Separata




3/9
Protein turnover in acid maltase deficiency before and after treatment with a high protein diet / AM Umpleby; CM Wiles; PS Trend; IN Scobie; AF Macleod; GT Spencer; PH Sonksen.-- p.587-592.-- En: J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry.-- 50, 5 (1987)
ADULTO   INFORME DE CASO   PROTEINAS EN LA DIETA   GLUCAN 1,4-ALFAGLUCOSIDASA   TEST DE TOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   GLUCOSIDASAS   ENFERMEDAD DEL ALMACENAMIENTO DE GLUCOGENO   ENFERMEDAD DEL ALMACENAMIENTO DE GLUCOGENO TIPO II   LEUCINA   PROTEINAS MUSCULARES
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-4699
Tipo de Material:
Separata




4/9
Simple skinfold-thickness measurements complement conventional anthropometric assessments in predicting glucose tolerance. / JL Sievenpiper; DJ Jenkins; RG Josse; LA Leiter; V Vuksan.-- p.567-573.-- En: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 73, 3 (2001)
TEJIDO ADIPOSO   ADULTO   ANTROPOMETRIA   AREA BAJO LA CURVA   GLUCOSA DE LA SANGRE   COMPOSICION CORPORAL   INDICE DE MASA CORPORAL   ESTUDIOS TRANSVERSALES   TEST DE TOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   INSULINA   MEDIA EDAD   OBESIDAD   ANALISIS DE REGRESION   SENSIBILIDAD Y ESPECIFICIDAD   GROSOR DE PLIEGUES CUTANEOS
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-4927
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Skinfold-thickness measurements are considered to have limited clinical utility. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether skinfold-thickness measurements may be a useful adjunct to conventional anthropometric assessments in predicting glucose and insulin regulation, we studied responses to replicate 75-g oral-glucose-tolerance tests (OGTTs) and performed simple anthropometry in a cross section of subjects. DESIGN: Thirty-five subjects completed the study: 11 lean [mean (+/-SEM) age: 33 +/- 3.2 y; body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)): 24.1 +/- 0.8; and percentage body fat (%BF): 11.5 +/- 1.5%], 12 normal-weight (age: 33 +/- 2.9 y; BMI: 23.9 +/- 0.7; and %BF: 24.3.5 +/- 1.3%), and 12 obese (age: 41 +/- 4.5 y; BMI: 34.5 +/- 1.7; and %BF: 34.2 +/- 1.5%) individuals. The lean and normal-weight groups were selected to have similar BMIs but different %BFs. We measured the participants' heights, weights, %BFs, waist circumferences, hip circumferences, and truncal and peripheral skinfold thicknesses. Subjects received nine 75-g OGTTs and blood samples were collected at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 min. Mean plasma glucose and insulin values were used to calculate the insulin sensitivity index. RESULTS: The obese group had higher plasma glucose concentrations and areas under the curve (AUCs) than did the normal-weight or lean group and higher plasma insulin concentrations and AUCs than did the lean group (P < 0.05). Stepwise multiple regression, with adjustment for demographic and anthropometric measurements, identified the following predictors: waist circumference, peripheral skinfold thickness, and BMI for fasting plasma glucose (partial R(2) = 0.20, 0.13, and 0.13, P < 0.05); waist circumference and truncal skinfold thickness for plasma glucose AUC (partial R(2) = 0.20 and 0.13, P < 0.05); age, waist-to-hip ratio, and peripheral skinfold thickness for fasting plasma insulin (partial R(2) = 0.26, 0.22, and 0.15, P < 0.05); truncal skinfold thickness for plasma insulin AUC (partial R(2) = 0.41, P < 0.001); and peripheral skinfold thickness for both 2-h plasma glucose (partial R(2) = 0.59, P < 0.001) and the insulin sensitivity index (partial R(2) = 0.49, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Skinfold-thickness measurements may complement other established measurements for predicting abnormal glucose and insulin regulation.-

Ver separata




5/9
Evaluation of the obese patient. 1. An algorithm / GA Bray; HA Jordan; EA Sims.-- pp.1487-91.-- En: The Journal of the American Medical Association.-- 235, 14 (1976)
TEJIDO ADIPOSO   ADOLESCENCIA   ADULTO   FACTORES DE EDAD   ANCIANO   ESTATURA   PESO CORPORAL   NIÑO   COLESTEROL   DIABETES MELLITUS   CONDUCTA ALIMENTARIA   TEST DE TOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   HUMANO   MEDIA EDAD   OBESIDAD   EMBARAZO   FACTORES SEXUALES   TRIGLICERIDOS
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-5103
Tipo de Material:
Separata

Ver separata



6/9
What is an optimal diet? Relationship of macronutrient intake to obesity, glucose tolerance, lipoprotein cholesterol levels and the metabolic syndrome in the Whitehall II study / EJ Brunner; H Wunsch; MG Marmot.-- pp. 45-53.-- En: International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders.-- 25, 1 (2001)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
ADULTO   CONSTITUCION CORPORAL   INDICE DE MASA CORPORAL   COLESTEROL   ESTUDIOS DE COHORTES   ESTUDIOS TRANSVERSALES   CARBOHIDRATOS EN LA DIETA   GRASAS EN LA DIETA   PROTEINAS EN LA DIETA   ACIDOS GRASOS NO SATURADOS   FEMENINO   TEST DE TOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   HUMANO   RESISTENCIA A LA INSULINA   LIPOPROTEINAS   MASCULINO   ENFERMEDADES METABOLICAS   MEDIA EDAD   OBESIDAD   CUESTIONARIO   FACTORES DE RIESGO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    OBJECTIVE: Saturated fats have adverse effects on health. To investigate which is more beneficial for energy replacement, we compare the effects of polyunsaturated fatty acid and carbohydrate intake on obesity and metabolic variables (fasting triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and 2 h glucose). Further, because the optimum diet may differ according to glucose tolerance, we examine the same associations in glucose tolerant and intolerant groups. Finally, we test the effect of macronutrient intake on the presence or absence of the metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. SUBJECTS: A total of 4497 men and 1865 women aged 39--62 in the Whitehall II study. RESULTS: In men, higher intakes of both polyunsaturated fats and carbohydrates were linked to lower waist-hip ratio, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol. Higher carbohydrate intake alone was linked to decreased body mass index (for 10 g higher carbohydrate intake, -0.12 kg/m(2), P<0.0001) and lower HDL-cholesterol (-0.01 mmol/l, P<0.01). In normoglycaemic men, higher carbohydrate intakes were associated with higher 2 h insulin and glucose levels (0.25 pmol/l, P<0.05 and 0.01 mmol/l, P=0.001, respectively). Dietary effects among women were similar, the exception being a positive association of polyunsaturated fat intake with body mass index and waist--hip ratio (0.47 kg/m(2), P<0.05 and 0.006, P<0.05, respectively). Dietary components, with the exceptions of cholesterol and protein in men, were unrelated to prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, and adjustment for differences in macronutrient intake did not account for the strong inverse association between socioeconomic position and the metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSION: Our observational data provide evidence that both polyunsaturated fatty acids and carbohydrates offer small metabolic benefits with few adverse effects compared with saturated fats.

Ver separata




7/9
Liver pathology in morbidly obese patients with and without diabetes / JF Silverman; KF O'Brien; S Long; N Leggett; PG Khazanie; WJ Pories; et.al..-- pp. 1349-55.-- En: The American journal of gastroenterology.-- 85, 10 (1990)
ADULTO   BIOPSIA   DIABETES MELLITUS   DERIVACION GASTRICA   TEST DE TOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   HEPATOPATIAS   TESTS DE FUNCION DEL HIGADO   OBESIDAD MORBIDA   ESTEATOHEPATITIS NO ALCOHOLICA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-5965
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    The contribution of obesity and/or diabetes to liver pathology in the morbidly obese patient is controversial. We studied the liver biopsies of 100 consecutive patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity. Multiple morphologic parameters were analyzed and graded independently, without knowledge of the clinical history, liver function tests, and oral glucose tolerance results of the patients. Six percent of the entire group demonstrated no fat, 42% mild fat, 20% moderate fat, and 24% severe fatty metamorphosis of the liver. Twenty-three percent of the patients had central vein fibrosis, 23% sinusoidal fibrosis, 19% bridging fibrosis, and 4% cirrhosis. Thirty-six percent of the patients had some degree of steatohepatitis, 66% possessed so-called glycogen nuclei of hepatocytes, 6% had PAS-positive thickening of blood vessels in the portal tracts, and 1% had lipogranulomas. The degree of fatty metamorphosis and fibrosis was analyzed in three separate groups, categorized by the glycemic status of the patient: 46 patients with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 23 patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and 31 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Increasing severity of fatty metamorphosis from the normoglycemic obese to the diabetic obese patients was found, which was statistically significant by chi 2 analysis. Four of the six patients showing no fatty metamorphosis were normoglycemic.




8/9
Clinical outcomes of pregnancy with one elevated glucose tolerance test value / HS Kim; KH Chang; JI Yang; SC Yang; HJ Lee; HS Ryu.-- pp. 131-8.-- En: International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics.-- 78, 2 (2002)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
ADULTO   GLUCOSA DE LA SANGRE   DIABETES GESTACIONAL   EDAD GESTACIONAL   TEST DE TOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   OBESIDAD   EDAD MATERNA   EMBARAZO   RESULTADO DEL EMBARAZO   FACTORES DE RIESGO   INDICE DE SEVERIDAD DE LA ENFERMEDAD
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical outcomes of pregnancies with one elevated glucose tolerance test. METHODS: We performed a 50 g glucose challenge test (GCT) in 5,019 pregnant women at 24-28 weeks of gestation. In 1,170 women with plasma glucose levels over 130 mg/dl, a 100 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed at 28-32 weeks of gestation. During follow-up, 282 patients were lost and in the 888 cases that were followed-up, 189 were excluded because of GDM. Therefore 699 study patients were divided into four groups: No Elevated group (NE, N = 577) with all four normal 100 g OGTT values, and Groups 1 (N = 16), 2 (N = 35), and 3 (N = 71) with one elevated 100 g OGTT value after 1, 2 and 3 h, respectively. RESULTS: Poor maternal outcomes (NE group, Group 1, Group 2, Group 3: 17.5%, 37.6%, 22.9%, 25.3%) with pre-eclampsia, cesarean delivery for cephalopelvic disproportion, failure to progress, or fetal distress, was highest in Group 1 (odds ratio 2.94; 95% confidence interval 1.02-8.42). Poor perinatal outcomes (15.8%, 43.1%, 14.3%, 21.1%) with any one of the following; fetal distress, Apgar score of < 7 at 5 min, hypoglycemia, respiratory distress syndrome, small for gestational age and perinatal death, was also highest in Group 1 (odds ratio 4.24; 95% confidence interval 1.02-17.52). CONCLUSION: Pregnancies with one elevated glucose tolerance test value after 1 h exhibited increased adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes compared with the group with all normal OGTT values or the groups with an elevated glucose tolerance test value after 2 or 3 h.

Ver separata




9/9
Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance among children and adolescents with marked obesity / R Sinha; G Fisch; B Teague; WV Tamborlane; B Banyas; K Allen; et.al..-- pp. 802-10.-- En: The New England Journal of Medicine.-- 346, 11 (2002)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
GLUCOSA DE LA SANGRE   TEST DE TOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   OBESIDAD
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity, epidemic in the United States, has been accompanied by an increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents. We determined the prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance in a multiethnic cohort of 167 obese children and adolescents. METHODS: All subjects underwent a two-hour oral glucose-tolerance test (1.75 g [corrected] of glucose per kilogram of body weight), and glucose, insulin, and C-peptide levels were measured. Fasting levels of proinsulin were obtained, and the ratio of proinsulin to insulin was calculated. Insulin resistance was estimated by homeostatic model assessment, and beta-cell function was estimated by calculating the ratio between the changes in the insulin level and the glucose level during the first 30 minutes after the ingestion of glucose. RESULTS: Impaired glucose tolerance was detected in 25 percent of the 55 obese children (4 to 10 years of age) and 21 percent of the 112 obese adolescents (11 to 18 years of age); silent type 2 diabetes was identified in 4 percent of the obese adolescents. Insulin and C-peptide levels were markedly elevated after the glucose-tolerance test in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance but not in adolescents with diabetes, who had a reduced ratio of the 30-minute change in the insulin level to the 30-minute change in the glucose level. After the body-mass index had been controlled for, insulin resistance was greater in the affected cohort and was the best predictor of impaired glucose tolerance. CONCLUSIONS: Impaired glucose tolerance is highly prevalent among children and adolescents with severe obesity, irrespective of ethnic group. Impaired oral glucose tolerance was associated with insulin resistance while beta-cell function was still relatively preserved. Overt type 2 diabetes was linked to beta-cell failure.

Ver separata





9 Registros recuperados

Presentar con el formato: 

Ver selección       Limpiar selección