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Experiencia con una dieta enteral con fibra y alto contenido en grasas en pacientes de UCI con intolerancia a la glucosa = Experience with an enteral diet with fiber and a high fat content in ICU patients with glucose intolerance / S Celaya; A Sanz; C Homs; P Luque; P de la Orden; E Civeira; LM Elósegui.-- pp. 260-269.-- En: Nutrición Hospitalaria.-- 7, 4 (1992)
ADULTO   GLUCOSA DE LA SANGRE   GRASAS EN LA DIETA   FIBRA EN LA DIETA   PROTEINAS EN LA DIETA   NUTRICION ENTERAL   FEMENINO   ALIMENTOS FORMULADOS   HUMANO   HIPERGLICEMIA   INFECCION   CUIDADOS INTENSIVOS   MASCULINO   MEDIA EDAD   NITROGENO   TRIGLICERIDOS   HERIDAS Y TRAUMATISMOS   INTOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-5173
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    The use of EN in diabetics is problematic due to the rapid absorption of the nutrients and difficulties in controlling glycemia. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical tolerance and effects of a special diet for patients unable to tolerate glucose on glycemia and insulin requirements, containing 50% of its caloric intake in the form of fats (mainly monounsaturated fatty acids) and a high fibre content. This diet was used on a group of Intensive Care patients with stress diabetes, comparing it to a high protein diet in terms of Nitrogen Balance and evolution of circulating proteins. 35 patients admitted to Intensive Care with traumas or sepsis were studied. The patients received EN for a period of 14 days. They were divided into two groups at random. Group A received a high protein diet and Group B the special diet for patients with intolerance to glucose. In Group A, the levels of glycemia and insulin requirements were significantly higher than those of Group B. There were no significant differences in albumin, transferrin, prealbumin and RBP levels in both groups. Cholesterol levels remained normal, although on day 14 they were higher in Group B patients. Group A patients had higher triglyceride levels. The nitrogen balance was only higher on days 6 and 7 in Group A patients, with and accumulated Balance for the 14 days of 11.54 +/- 3.5 g. In Group A compared to 6.24 +/- 2.63 g. in Group B. Clinical tolerance to the diet was satisfactory, with the usual problems in critical patients.




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Syndrome X / E Ferrannini.-- p. 107-11.-- En: Hormone Research.-- 39, Suppl 3 (1993)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
ENFERMEDADES CARDIOVASCULARES   DIABETES   RESISTENCIA A LA INSULINA   HIPERINSULINEMIA   INTOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Using cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of data from the San Antonio Heart Study, syndrome X (primary insulin resistance syndrome) has been redefined in terms of hyperinsulinaemia combined with changes in glucose tolerance, lipid pattern, blood pressure and body fat distribution. Syndrome X is itself an atherogenic cardiovascular risk factor, which interacts with enviromental and genetic factors to lead to the aventual development of the endpoint of cardiovascular disease.

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3/5
Socio-economic characteristics in children with coeliac disease / JF Ludvigsson.-- p. 107-13.-- En: Acta Paediatrica: an International Journal of Paediatrics.-- 94, 1 (2005)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
INTOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   ENFERMEDAD CELIACA   FACTORES SOCIOECONOMICOS   NIÑO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Aim: To study the relationship between socio-economic factors and coeliac disease. Methods: This study was part of a prospective cohort study of 16 286 children born from 1 October 1997-1 October 1999 (the ABIS study; All Babies in Southeast Sweden). Eight paediatric departments recorded all children with coeliac disease in southeast Sweden. Coeliac disease was confirmed through biopsy. Socio-economic characteristics (maternal employment, civil status, whether parents were born in Sweden, parental education, place of living before pregnancy and during pregnancy, crowded living), infant sex, previous siblings, parental age and maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy were analysed using logistic regression. All data, except for those related to diagnosis of coeliac disease, were obtained through a questionnaire distributed at birth. Results: Coeliac disease in the offspring was less common among mothers who had worked 53 mo during pregnancy (odds ratio, OR=0.29; 95% CI: 0.09-0.94; p=0.039). This risk decrease remained after adjustment for confounders (adjusted OR=0.28; 95% CI: 0.09-0.92; p=0.035). No other socio-economic factor was related to coeliac disease.

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4/5
A cross-sectional study of dietary patterns with glucose intolerance and other features of the metabolic syndrome / DE Williams; AT Prevost; MJ Whichelow; BD Cox; NE Day; NJ Wareham.-- pp. 257-66.-- En: British Journal of Nutrition.-- 83, 3 (2000)
INTOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   DIABETES MELLITUS TIPO II   RESISTENCIA A LA INSULINA   CONSUMO DE BEBIDAS ALCOHOLICAS   TABAQUISMO   ADULTO
Ubicación: CANIA. CD   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Previous epidemiological studies have demonstrated relationships between individual nutrients and glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes, but the association with the overall pattern of dietary intake has not previously been described. In order to characterize this association, 802 subjects aged 40-65 years were randomly selected from a population-based sampling frame and underwent a 75 g oral glucose-tolerance test. Principal component analysis was used to identify four dietary patterns explaining 31.7% of the dietary variation in the study cohort. These dietary patterns were associated with other lifestyle factors including socio-economic group, smoking, alcohol intake and physical activity. Component 1 was characterized by a healthy balanced diet with a frequent intake of raw and salad vegetables, fruits in both summer and winter, fish, pasta and rice and low intake of fried foods, sausages, fried fish, and potatoes. This component was negatively correlated with central obesity, fasting plasma glucose, 120 min non-esterified fatty acid and triacylglycerol, and positively correlated with HDL-cholesterol. It therefore appears to be protective for the metabolic syndrome....Continúa.

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5/5
Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota / J Suez; T Korem; D Zeevi; G Zilberman-Schapira; CA Thaiss; O Maza; et.al..-- 181-97.-- En: Nature.-- 514 (2014)
EDULCORANTES   INTOLERANCIA A LA GLUCOSA   INTESTINOS   MICROBIOTA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Non-caloric artificial sweeteners (NAS) are among the most widely used food additives worldwide, regularly consumed by lean and obese individuals alike. NAS consumption is considered safe and beneficial owing to their low caloric content, yet supporting scientific data remain sparse and controversial. Herewedemonstrate that consumption ofcommonly used NAS formulations drives the development of glucose intolerance through induction of compositional and functional alterations to the intestinalmicrobiota...Continua.

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