1/53
Irreversible intestinal failure / O Goulet; F Ruemmele; F Lacaille; V Colomb.-- pp. 250-69.-- En: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.-- 38, 3 (2004)
SINDROME DEL INTESTINO CORTO   SINDROMES DE MALABSORCION   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   HEPATOPATIAS   ENFERMEDAD DE HIRSCHSPRUNG   LACTANTE   NIÑO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-0003
Tipo de Material:
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    Intestinal failure (IF) can be defined as the reduction of functional gut mass below the minimal amount necessary for digestion and absorption adequate to satisfy the nutrient and fluid requirements for maintenance in adults or growth in children. In developed countries, IF mainly includes individuals with the congenital or early onset of conditions requiring protracted or indefinite parenteral nutrition (PN). Short bowel syndrome was the first commonly recognized cause of protracted IF. The normal physiologic process of intestinal adaptation after extensive resection usually allows for recovery of sufficient intestinal function within weeks to months. During this time, patients can be sustained on parenteral nutrition. Only a few children have permanent intestinal insufficiency and life-long dependency on PN. Non-transplant surgery including small bowel tapering and lengthening may allow weaning from PN in some cases. Hormonal therapy with recombinant human growth hormone has produced poor results while therapy with glucagon-like peptide-2 holds promise. Congenital diseases of enterocyte development such as microvillus inclusion disease or intestinal epithelial dysplasia cause permanent IF for which no curative medical treatment is currently available. Severe and extensive motility disorders such as total or subtotal intestinal aganglionosis (long segment Hirschsprung disease) or chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction syndrome may also cause permanent IF...continua.

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2/53
The effect of growth hormone supplementation on late nutritional independence in pediatric patients with short bowel syndrome / AP Ladd; JL Grosfeld; OH Pescovitz; NB Johnson.-- pp. 442-5.-- En: Journal of Pediatric Surgery.-- 40, 2 (2005)
ABSORCION INTESTINAL   GLUTAMINA   SINDROME DEL INTESTINO CORTO   PROTEINAS RECOMBINANTES   ADAPTACION FISIOLOGICA   NIÑO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-0021
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    PURPOSE: The use of growth hormone (GH) supplementation for intestinal adaptation among adult patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) has provided mixed results. This report examines the effect of GH supplementation on SBS in pediatric patients. METHODS: Two girls with SBS from neonatal gastrointestinal catastrophes received exogenous GH at 0.3 mg/kg per week subcutaneously and concurrent glutamine supplementation, beginning at 6 and 6(1/2) years of age. Changes in growth (height and weight) and changes in enteral and parenteral energy requirements were evaluated. RESULTS: Treatment duration was 8 and 2.5 years, respectively. Patient weights increased from the 5th to the 41st percentile and from the 17th to the 23rd percentile, respectively. Height increased from the 1st to the 57th percentile in the former patient and increased from less than the 1st to the 17th percentile in the latter. Both patients are independent of parenteral nutrition and take enteral nutrition alone. Tolerance for enteral diets was significantly improved in each girl, with only 2 stools per day maintained in one patient...Continua.

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3/53
Short bowel syndrome / JS Scolapio.-- pp. S11-6.-- En: Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.-- 26, 5 Suppl (2002)
SINDROME DEL INTESTINO CORTO   INTESTINO DELGADO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   FLUIDOTERAPIA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-1460
Tipo de Material:
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4/53
Guidelines for management of patients with a short bowel / J Nightingale; JM Woodward; Small Bowel and Nutrition Committee of the British Society of Gastroenterology.-- pp. 1-12.-- En: Gut.-- 55, Suppl 4 (2006)
INTESTINO DELGADO   COLON   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   YEYUNOSTOMIA   SINDROME DEL INTESTINO CORTO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-1499
Tipo de Material:
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5/53
Fructose intolerance in children presenting with abdominal pain / RE Gomara; MS Halata; LJ Newman; HE Bostwick; SH Berezin; L Cukaj; et.al..-- pp. 303-08.-- En: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.-- 47, 3 (2008)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
INTOLERANCIA A LA FRUCTOSA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   DOLOR ABDOMINAL   INDICE DE SEVERIDAD DE LA ENFERMEDAD   NIÑO   ADOLESCENTE
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-1600
Tipo de Material:
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    OBJECTIVES: We determined the occurrence of fructose malabsorption in pediatric patients with previous diagnoses of abdominal pain caused by a functional bowel disorder, whether the restriction of fructose intake changes the reporting of symptoms, the role of fructose dosage, and the severity of resultant symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We administered a fructose breath test to children presenting with persistent unexplained abdominal pain. Patients randomly received 1, 15, or 45 g fructose, and breath hydrogen was measured for 3 hours after ingestion. Test results were positive when breath hydrogen was 20 ppm greater than baseline and was accompanied by gastrointestinal symptoms. RESULTS: A total of 32 patients was enrolled, and none of the 9 who received 1 g had positive results. Three of 10 who received 15 g and 8 of 13 who received 45 g had positive results. All patients with positive test results restricted their fructose intake. Among the group with positive results, 9 of 11 had rapid improvement of their gastrointestinal symptoms. After 2 months, all 9 patients continued to report improvement. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that fructose malabsorption may be a significant problem in children and that management of dietary intake can be effective in reducing gastrointestinal symptoms.

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6/53
Surgical therapy for short bowel syndrome / PW Wales.-- pp. 647-57.-- En: Pediatr Surg Int.-- 20, 9 (2004)
SINDROME DEL INTESTINO CORTO   INTESTINO DELGADO   ADAPTACION FISIOLOGICA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   LACTANTE
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-2065
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS) suffer tremendous morbidity secondary to prolonged hospitalization and chronic parenteral nutrition (TPN). Overall, the majority of infants will adapt and ultimately become independent of TPN, but this process may require many months or years. Reasons for continued TPN dependency include bowel dysmotility, bacterial overgrowth, insufficient adaptation, or very short bowel length. It is this subpopulation of patients who may benefit from surgical procedures that optimize intestinal adaptation and increase the mucosal absorptive surface area. The goal of this review article is to summarize the process of intestinal adaptation and then to outline the surgical principles and techniques available to surgeons who treat this complicated group of patients.

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7/53
Is milk borne insulin like growth factor I essential for neonatal development? / DG Burrin.-- pp.975S-979S.-- En: The Journal of Nutrition.-- 127 (1997)
PORCINOS   SUSTANCIAS DE CRECIMIENTO   INTESTINOS   RECIEN NACIDO   INSULINA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3082
Tipo de Material:
Separata




8/53
Calcium absorption a paradigm for mineral absorption / F Bronner.-- pp.128.-- En: The Journal of Nutrition.-- 128 (1998)
CALCIO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   TRANSPORTE BIOLOGICO ACTIVO   DIFUSION
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3089
Tipo de Material:
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9/53
Recently identified molecular aspects of intestinal iron absorption / RJ Wood; O Han.-- pp.1841-1844.-- En: The Journal of Nutrition.-- 128 (1998)
METABOLISMO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   HIERRO   HEMOCROMATOSIS   TRANSPORTE BIOLOGICO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3128
Tipo de Material:
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10/53
Intestinal metabolism and portal venous transport of 1,25 (OH)2D3, 25(OH)D3, and vitamin D3 in the rat / GB McDonald; WL Kin Hing; AL Schy; JE Wergedal; DJ Baylink.-- pp.G633-G638.-- En: American Journal of Physiology.-- 248, 6 (1985)
VITAMINA D   METABOLISMO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   RATAS   METODOS
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3167
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11/53
A simple test for the diagnosis of absorptive, resorptive and renal hypercalciurias / CY Pak; R Kaplan; H Bone; J Townsend; O Waters.-- pp.497-500.-- En: The New England Journal of Medicine.-- 292, 10 (1975)
REABSORCION OSEA   CALCIO   TRASTORNOS DEL METABOLISMO DEL CALCIO   CREATININA   AMP CICLICO   DIAGNOSTICO DIFERENCIAL   HIPERPARATIROIDISMO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   CALCULOS RENALES   NEFROPATIAS   TUBULOS RENALES   METODOS
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3553
Tipo de Material:
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12/53
Chylomicron B-Carotene and retinyl palmitate responses are dramatically diminished when men ingest B-Carotene with medium-chain rather than long-chain triglycerides / P Borel; V Tyssandier; N Mekki; P Grolier; Y Rochette; MC Alexandre Gouabau; D Lairon; V Azais Braesco.-- pp.1361-67.-- En: The Journal of Nutrition.-- 128 (1998)
CAROTENO   VITAMINA A   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   TRIGLICERIDOS   METABOLISMO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3591
Tipo de Material:
Separata




13/53
Avaliacao microscopica qualitativa da gordura fecal: estudio comparativo / A Seva-Pereira; PC Berenhi; A Magalhaes.-- p.95-98.-- En: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia.-- 23, 2 (1986)
ABSORCION INTESTINAL   GRASAS   DIAGNOSTICO   ANALISIS   DIAGNOSTICO DE LABORATORIO   ENFERMEDAD CELIACA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3622
Tipo de Material:
Separata




14/53
Biopsia y absorción intestinal en niños / H Diaz; A Villamil; J Campos.-- p.381-394.-- En: Acta Médica Colombiana.-- 5, 2 (1980)
ABSORCION INTESTINAL   BIOPSIA   TRASTORNOS NUTRICIONALES
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3653
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15/53
Tratamento de hiperabsorcao intestinal de calcio com farelo de arroz / HC Perrone; N Schor; J Toporovski.-- p.33-37.-- En: J Bras Nefrol.-- 9, 2 (1987)
ABSORCION INTESTINAL   ARROZ   TRASTORNOS DEL METABOLISMO DEL CALCIO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3756
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16/53
Luminal events of lipid absorption in protein calorie malnourished children; relationship with nutritional recovery and diarrhea. II. Alterations in bile acid content of duodenal aspirates / RE Schneider; FE Viteri.-- p.788-796.-- En: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 27, 8 (1974)
NUTRICION DEL LACTANTE   BILIS   ACIDO QUENODESOXICOLICO   NIÑO   DIARREA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   LIPIDOS   METABOLISMO   DESNUTRICION PROTEICO-ENERGETICA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3942
Tipo de Material:
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17/53
Gastrointestinal flora of children with protein caloric malnutrition / LJ Mata; F Jimenez; M Cordon; R Rosales.-- p.118-126.-- En: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 25, 10 (1972)
ABSORCION INTESTINAL   NIÑO   BACTERIAS   DESNUTRICION PROTEICO-ENERGETICA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-3945
Tipo de Material:
Separata




18/53
Calcium metabolism in children recovering from severe protein energy malnutrition / B Caballero; NW Solomons; B Torun; O Pineda.-- p.740-745.-- En: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.-- 5, 5 (1986)
DESNUTRICION PROTEICO-ENERGETICA   CALCIO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   METABOLISMO   INFANTE
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-4008
Tipo de Material:
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19/53
Bioavailability of vitamin A / HK Biesalski.-- p.S71-S75.-- En: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 51, Suppl 1 (1997)
Notas de Contenido:
Revista en estantería
ANIMALES   DISPONIBILIDAD BIOLOGICA   DIETA   ALIMENTOS   HUMANO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   ESTADO NUTRICIONAL   VITAMINA A
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

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20/53
Limits of adaptation to high dietary protein intakes / AA Jackson.-- p.S44-S52.-- En: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 53, Suppl 1 (1999)
Notas de Contenido:
Revista en estantería
ADAPTACION FISIOLOGICA   ADULTO   AMINOACIDOS   RITMO CIRCADIANO   PROTEINAS EN LA DIETA   INGESTION DE ENERGIA   METABOLISMO ENERGETICO   LACTANTE   RECIEN NACIDO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   NITROGENO   NECESIDADES NUTRICIONALES   OXIDACION-REDUCCION   POLIMORFISMO GENETICO   EMBARAZO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

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21/53
Effect of inclusion of beans in a mixed diet for the treatment of Peruvian children with acute watery diarrhea / P Alarcon; R Montoya; J Rivera; F Perez; JM Peerson; KH Brown.-- p.58-65.-- En: Pediatrics.-- 90, 1 Pt 1 (1992)
ENFERMEDAD AGUDA   DIARREA INFANTIL   CARBOHIDRATOS EN LA DIETA   GRASAS EN LA DIETA   METODO DOBLE CIEGO   HECES   LACTANTE   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   LEGUMBRES   NITROGENO   RESULTADO DEL TRATAMIENTO
Categoría geográfica: PERU  
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-4646
Tipo de Material:
Separata




22/53
Oral iron absorption in infantile protein-energy malnutrition / E Massa; WC MacLean; GL de Romana; Y de Martinez; GG Graham.-- p. 1045-49.-- En: The Journal of Pediatrics.-- 93, 6 (1978)
ABSORCION   ADMINISTRACION ORAL   INFANTE   COMPUESTOS FERROSOS   ESTUDIOS DE SEGUIMIENTO   LACTANTE   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   HIERRO   DESNUTRICION PROTEICO-ENERGETICA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-4750
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    The ability of infants with protein-energy malnutrition to absorb iron was assessed using the serum iron response to a dose of ferrous sulfate providing 3 mg elemental iron per kg body weight. Responses were grouped as flat (delta serum Fe less than 30 microgram/dl), intermediate (30 to 100 microgram/dl), and normal (greater the 100 microgram/dl). Of 25 consecutively admitted children studied, seven had a flat, five an intermediate, and 13 a normal curve (mean delta serum Fe: 10 microgram/dl, 66 microgram/dl, and 175 microgram/dl, respectively). There were no differences among the three groups in hematocrit, fasting serum iron or transferrin saturation, severity of malnutrition, or evidence of other malabsorption sufficient to explain these differences. Although hematocrits, fasting serum iron, and transferrin saturations did not change appreciably during nutritional rehabilitation, all children with initially abnormal responses subsequently had normal tests.-




23/53
Regulation of mammalian iron homeostasis / BD Schneider; EA Leibold.-- p.267-273.-- En: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism Care.-- 3, 4 (2000)
ANIMALES   ANOXIA   HOMEOSTASIS   HUMANO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   HIERRO   PROTEINAS CON HIERRO   AZUFRE   ESTRES OXIDATIVO   ARN   PROTEINAS DE ENLACE DE ARN   ELEMENTOS DE RESPUESTA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-4758
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Iron homeostasis is regulated with respect to uptake, storage and utilization. Newer work is presented that defines proteins responsible for iron transport, sequestration and sensing, and that addresses their regulation at the cellular and organismal levels by ambient iron concentrations, demand for erythropoiesis, body iron burden, and redox stimuli.

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24/53
Calcium absorption from calcium carbonate and a new form of calcium (CCM) in healthy male and female adolescents / JZ Miller; DL Smith; L Flora; C Slemenda; XY Jiang; CC Johnston.-- p.1291-1294.-- En: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 48, 5 (1988)
ADMINISTRACION ORAL   ADOLESCENCIA   CALCIO   CARBONATO DE CALCIO   NIÑO   CITRATOS   ACIDO CITRICO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   VALORES DE REFERENCIA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-4784
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Calcium absorption from two Ca salts was investigated in a crossover design using stable isotopic tracers in 12 healthy adolescents (6 males, 6 females). A Ca supplement in the form of Ca carbonate or Ca citric and malic acids (CCM) was ingested with a standardized breakfast and the order of administration was randomized. The oral supplement contained 250 mg elemental Ca, 21.8 mg of which was highly enriched 44Ca tracer. Thirty minutes later subjects received 3.6 mg 42Ca tracer intravenously. The molar concentrations of 42Ca and 44Ca tracers in a urine sample obtained 24 h after tracer administration were quantified by fast-atom-bombardment mass spectrometry and used to determine fractional absorption of the Ca from the supplement. Ca in the form of CCM had an increased fractional absorption (p less than 0.03) relative to Ca carbonate in healthy adolescents (36.2 vs 26.4%). This increase was not related to body size, sex, or indices of Ca metabolism.




25/53
Growth hormone, glutamine, and a modified diet enhance nutrient absorption in patients with severe short bowel syndrome / TA Byrne; TB Morrissey; TV Nattakom; TR Ziegler; DW Wilmore.-- p.296-302.-- En: Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.-- 19, 4 (1995)
TRANSPORTE BIOLOGICO   TERAPIA COMBINADA   DIETA CON RESTRICCION DE GRASAS   CARBOHIDRATOS EN LA DIETA   FIBRA EN LA DIETA   GLUTAMINA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   NUTRICION   EVALUACION NUTRICIONAL   SINDROME DEL INTESTINO CORTO   SOMATOTROPINA   ADULTO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-4978
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Massive loss of intestinal surface area results in the short bowel syndrome characterized by malabsorption of fluid, electrolytes, and other nutrients. Although the remaining bowel undergoes morphological and functional adaptation, often these changes are inadequate to support the individual by enteral feedings, and parenteral nutrition is required to prevent dehydration, electrolyte disturbances, and malnutrition. Substances such as growth hormone, glutamine, and fiber exert bowel-specific trophic effects and either directly or indirectly influence nutrient absorption. This study was undertaken to determine whether the co-administration of exogenous growth hormone, supplemental glutamine, and a modified fiber-containing diet could enhance nutrient absorption in patients who had undergone massive intestinal resection. METHODS: Ten patients (5 men, 5 women, aged 43 +/- 4 years) with short bowel syndrome were studied 6 +/- 1 years after surgical resection. All patients were admitted to the Clinical Research Center for a 28-day period; the first week served as a control period when nutritional (enteral and parenteral) and medical management simulated usual home therapy. Thereafter, eight patients received exogenous growth hormone, supplemental glutamine, and a modified high-carbohydrate, high-fiber diet. Two patients were treated with the modified diet alone. The efficiency of net nutrient absorption (percent absorbed) for total calories, protein, fat, carbohydrate, water, and sodium was calculated from the measured nutrient intake and stool losses. RESULTS: Three weeks of treatment with growth hormone, glutamine, and a modified diet increased total caloric absorption from 60.1 +/- 6.0% to 74.3 +/- 5.0% (p < or = .003), protein absorption from 48.8 +/- 4.8% to 63.0 +/- 5.4% (p < or = .006), and carbohydrate absorption from 60.0 +/- 9.8% to 81.5 +/- 5.3% (p < or = .02). Fat absorption did not change (61.0 +/- 5.3% to 60.3 +/- 7.9%, p = NS). Water and sodium absorption increased from 45.7 +/- 6.7% to 65.0 +/- 7.3% (p < or = .002) and from 49.0 +/- 9.8% to 69.6 +/- 6.5% (p < or = .04), respectively. These absorptive changes resulted in a decrease in stool output (1,783 +/- 414 g/d control period vs 1,308 +/- 404 g/d third week of treatment, p < or = .05). Treatment with diet alone did not influence nutrient absorption or stool output. CONCLUSIONS: The combined administration of growth hormone, glutamine, and a modified diet enhanced nutrient absorption from the remnant bowel after massive intestinal resection. These changes occurred in a group of patients that had previously failed to adapt to the provision of enteral nutrients. This therapy may offer an alternative to long-term dependence on total parenteral nutrition for patients with severe short bowel syndrome.

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26/53
Dietary treatment of malnutrition. Balance-sheets of the main nutrients. Part II / I Antener; AM Verwilghen; C van Geert; J Mauron.-- pp. 167-169.-- En: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research.-- 47, 2 (1977)
CARBOHIDRATOS   NIÑO   NUTRICION DEL NIÑO   INFANTE   ELECTROLITOS   HECES   HUMANO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   LIPIDOS   SINDROMES DE MALABSORCION   NITROGENO   TRASTORNOS NUTRICIONALES   OLIGOELEMENTOS   VITAMINAS
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-5140
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Results of a balance study of nitrogen, fat, electrolytes and trace-elements (Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn) with 3 1/i to 9 years old malnourished children in the Kwilu region (Zaïre) are given. The main components of the diets were fish, lactose free milk, caseinate, partial hydrolasate of albumin, fermented corn and soya (Soy-Ogi), medium-chain triglycerides, rice and the local foods manioc, peanuts and caterpillars. The lactose free milk and the Soy-Ogi were well tolerated since we found only a small quantity of non absorbed sugar in the faeces. Our results show that in children who have secondary intestinal malabsorption the use of a partial hydrolysate of lactalbumin and the medium-chain triglycerides is recommended and the substitution of the manioc by rice also. Caseinate gave satisfactory results in adult-malnutrition. We found a good retention of nitrogen, fat and phosphorus. For the latter an addition was necessary. The potassium balance was also positive, a content of 5 meq/kg body weight in the food gave a sufficient retention time. The sodium chloride content of the diet must be moderate because of the oedemas (2 meq/kg body weight). The determination of the vitamin content in the diet and their urinary excretion gave some indication of the balance of these nutrients. Children who had intestinal troubles showed only a slight positive or negative balance of calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper and manganese, since we found a high faecel excretion for these elements. These rather unsatisfactory results emphasis the necessity of first curing any intestinal aliments.




27/53
Rapidly available glucose in foods: an in vitro measurement that reflects the glycemic response / KN Englyst; HN Englyst; GJ Hudson; TJ Cole; JH Cummings.-- pp. 448-454.-- En: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 69, 3 (1999)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
ADULTO   AREA BAJO LA CURVA   DISPONIBILIDAD BIOLOGICA   GLUCOSA DE LA SANGRE   CROMATOGRAFIA LIQUIDA DE ALTA PRESION   ESTUDIO COMPARATIVO   CARBOHIDRATOS EN LA DIETA   SACAROSA EN LA DIETA   DIGESTION   FEMENINO   ANALISIS DE LOS ALIMENTOS   GLUCOSA   HUMANO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   MODELOS LINEALES   MASCULINO   MEDIA EDAD   ALMIDON
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    BACKGROUND: A chemically based classification of dietary carbohydrates that takes into account the likely site, rate, and extent of digestion is presented. The classification divides dietary carbohydrates into sugars, starch fractions, and nonstarch polysaccharides, and groups them into rapidly available glucose (RAG) and slowly available glucose (SAG) as to the amounts of glucose (from sugar and starch, including maltodextrins) likely to be available for rapid and slow absorption, respectively, in the human small intestine. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesize that RAG is an important food-related determinant of the glycemic response. DESIGN: The measurement of RAG, SAG, and starch fractions by an in vitro technique is described, based on the measurement by HPLC of the glucose released from a test food during timed incubation with digestive enzymes under standardized conditions. Eight healthy adult subjects consumed 8 separate test meals ranging in RAG content from 11 to 49 g. RESULTS: The correlation between glycemic response and RAG was highly significant (P < 0.0001) and a given percentage increase in RAG was associated with the same percentage increase in glycemic response. After subject variation was accounted for, RAG explained 70% of the remaining variance in glycemic response. CONCLUSIONS: We show the significance of in vitro measurements of RAG in relation to glycemic response in human studies. The simple in vitro measurement of RAG and SAG is of physiologic relevance and could serve as a tool for investigating the importance of the amount, type, and form of dietary carbohydrates for health.

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28/53
Glutamine deficiency as a cause of human immunodeficiency virus wasting / JK Shabert; DW Wilmore.-- pp. 252-256.-- En: Medical Hypotheses.-- 46, 3 (1996)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
CAQUEXIA   METABOLISMO ENERGETICO   GLUTAMINA   GLUTATION   INFECCIONES POR VIH   HOMEOSTASIS   HUMANO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   MUCOSA INTESTINAL   PERDIDA DE PESO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Tissue wasting often occurs during human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome. While weight-loss in the human immunodeficiency virus-infected individual can be seen as an isolated symptom, catabolism during acquired immune deficiency syndrome is usually associated with complications such as diarrhea, malabsorption, fever and secondary infection. Glutamine is an amino acid central to many important metabolic pathways and recent findings suggest that glutamine depletion may explain the progression of tissue wasting during human immunodeficiency virus infection.

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29/53
Alteraciones del tracto digestivo del niño desnutrido = Digestive tract changes of the malnourished child / H Römer.-- pp. 146-156.-- En: Gen / Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroenterología.-- Caracas : Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroenterología.-- 37, 1-2 (1983)
AMILASAS   NIÑO   ACIDO GASTRICO   HUMANO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   INTESTINO DELGADO   PANCREAS   DESNUTRICION PROTEICO-ENERGETICA   SALIVA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-5396
Tipo de Material:
Separata




30/53
Food sensitivity: keys to diagnosis / EP McCarty; OL Frick.-- pp. 645-52.-- En: The Journal of Pediatrics.-- 102, 5 (1983)
ENFERMEDAD AGUDA   ENVEJECIMIENTO   ANIMALES   BOVINOS   INFANTE   ENFERMEDAD CRONICA   HIPERSENSIBILIDAD A LOS ALIMENTOS   ENFERMEDADES GASTROINTESTINALES   SISTEMA GASTROINTESTINAL   GLUTEN   HUMANO   DEFICIENCIA DE IGA   INMUNOGLOBULINA E   LACTANTE   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   LECHE
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-5477
Tipo de Material:
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31/53
No enhancing effect of vitamin A on iron absorption in humans / T Walczyk; L Davidsson; L Rossander Hulthen; L Hallberg; RF Hurrell.-- pp. 144-149.-- En: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 77, 1 (2003)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
ADULTO   ANALISIS DE VARIANZA   DIETA   FERRITINA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   HIERRO   VITAMINA A
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Vitamin A and beta-carotene were recently reported to enhance iron absorption by counteracting the inhibitory effect of phytic acid in cereal-based meals and of polyphenol-containing beverages on nonheme-iron absorption in humans. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to further evaluate the influence of vitamin A on iron absorption. DESIGN: Iron absorption from corn bread with or without added vitamin A (retinyl palmitate) was determined in 5 studies in young adult human subjects by using either a stable-isotope method (2 studies) or a radioisotope technique (3 studies). Iron absorption was measured by erythrocyte incorporation of the isotopic labels and by whole-body retention of (59)Fe. Corn bread was served with water (studies 1 and 3) or coffee (studies 2, 4, and 5). The studies differed in the amounts and chemical forms of added tracer and fortification iron. The possibility of methodologic artifacts in earlier investigations was evaluated. RESULTS: No effect of vitamin A on iron absorption from the test meals was identified in the individual studies by using paired Student's t test. A slightly negative effect of vitamin A on iron absorption was found with the use of analysis of variance. CONCLUSIONS: The previously reported findings of a positive effect of vitamin A on nonheme-iron absorption in humans was not confirmed. Incomplete isotopic equilibration of the tracer with native iron in the meal or with fortification iron cannot explain the previous findings. However, the present study does not exclude the possibility that suboptimal vitamin A status influences the effect of dietary vitamin A on iron absorption.

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Relevance of physiology of nutrient absorption to formulation of enteral diets / DB Silk; GK Grimble.-- p. 1-12.-- En: Nutrition.-- 8, 1 (1992)
CARBOHIDRATOS EN LA DIETA   GRASAS EN LA DIETA   PROTEINAS EN LA DIETA   DIGESTION   ELECTROLITOS   NUTRICION ENTERAL   ALIMENTOS FORMULADOS   HUMANO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   AGUA
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-5555
Tipo de Material:
Separata




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The effects of a pectin-supplemented elemental diet in a boy with short gut syndrome / Y Finkel; G Brown; HL Smith; E Buchanan; IW Booth.-- pp. 983-86.-- En: Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica.-- 79, 10 (1990)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
SINDROME DEL INTESTINO CORTO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   EQUILIBRIO HIDROELECTROLITICO   PREESCOLAR
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    The effect of a pectin-supplemented diet in short gut syndrome was investigated in a 3-year-old boy. Nitrogen absorption was higher and stomach-to-anus transit time was prolonged during pectin supplementation of the enteral feed. Pectin supplementation had no adverse effects on electrolyte balance or glucose absorption. These data indicate that pectin supplementation of enteral feed may enhance nitrogen absorption and seems not to adversely affect absorption in short gut syndrome.

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Zinc deficiency, malnutrition and the gastrointestinal tract / RA Wapnir.-- p. 1388S-92S.-- En: The Journal of Nutrition.-- 130, 5S Suppl. (2000)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
ANIMALES   ENFERMEDADES CARENCIALES   DIARREA   SISTEMA GASTROINTESTINAL   HUMANO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   OXIDO NITRICO   TRASTORNOS NUTRICIONALES   SISTEMAS DE MENSAJERO SECUNDARIO   CINC
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Recent clinical and experimental findings have reinforced the link among zinc deficiency, malnutrition and diarrheal disease. Because there is a strong association between protein and zinc content in virtually all types of foods, insufficient protein intake may often be the cause of zinc deficiency. Compensatory mechanisms operating in monogastric species during malnutrition are less effective for the absorption of transition divalent elements such as zinc, which remain bound to ligands of dietary or endogenous origin. Both protein and zinc deficiencies are strong negative determinants for normal cellular immunity. In zinc deficiency, the organism is more susceptible to toxin-producing bacteria or enteroviral pathogens that activate guanylate and adenylate cyclases, stimulating chloride secretion, producing diarrhea and diminishing absorption of nutrients, thus exacerbating an already compromised mineral status. In addition, zinc deficiency may impair the absorption of water and electrolytes, delaying the termination of normally self-limiting gastrointestinal disease episodes. The gastrointestinal tract may be one of the first target areas where zinc insufficiency may be manifested. A prolonged low zinc intake deprives the organism of the local potential beneficial effects of zinc, including interactions with oxidative free radicals and nitric oxide metabolism. Nitric oxide is a second messenger that plays an important part in the triggering of diarrheal disease. The possible interrelationship among infection, inflammation, free radical damage and its quenching by potential scavengers, such as zinc, in the intestinal lumen or within the enterocyte should be more extensively studied.

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Causes of iron and zinc deficiencies and their effects on brain / HH Sandstead.-- p. 347S-349S.-- En: The Journal of Nutrition.-- 130, 2S Suppl (2000)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
DISPONIBILIDAD BIOLOGICA   CEREBRO   CALCIO EN LA DIETA   TRASTORNOS COGNITIVOS   DIETA   FIBRA EN LA DIETA   HUMANO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   HIERRO   CARNE   CINC
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-5737
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Low consumption of foods rich in bioavailable iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) such as meat, particularly red meat, and high consumption of foods rich in inhibitors of Fe and Zn absorption, such as phytate, certain dietary fibers and calcium, cause Fe and Zn deficiencies. Neuropsychologic impairment is one of several potential outcomes of these deficiencies.

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Evaluación de dos métodos para establecer el contenido de polifenoles en frijol crudo y cocido, y efecto que éstos provocan en la digestibilidad de la proteína / R Bressani; DR De Mora; R Flores; R Gómez-Brenes.-- pp. 569-83.-- En: Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición.-- 41, 4 (1991)
Notas de Contenido:
Revista en estanteria
ANALISIS DE VARIANZA   ESTUDIO COMPARATIVO   FABACEAE   FLAVONOIDES   MANIPULACION DE ALIMENTOS   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   NITROGENO   FENOLES   EXTRACTOS VEGETALES   POLIMEROS   RATAS   PROTEINAS VEGETALES
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Se cuantificaron los polifenoles de frijol común de color blanco, negro y colorado, crudos, cocidos y secados, con y sin caldo, por el método de Folin-Denis que mide polifenoles totales, y por el procedimiento de precipitación de proteína de Hagerman-Butler, que mide su actividad biológica.
    La evaluación consistió en determinar polifenoles en las mismas muestras durante 20 días consecutivos, utilizando tres volúmenes de extracto de una misma muestra.
    Los resultados obtenidos con el método de Folin-Denis, analizados estadísticamente, indicaron que la variabilidad fue diferente en los tres volúmenes de extracto de cada uno de los colores de frijol. Sin embargo, una prueba no paramétrica señalo que los promedios en los tres niveles de concentración para todos los frijoles, eran iguales.




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Iron bis-glycine chelate competes for the nonheme-iron absorption pathway / F Pizarro; M Olivares; E Hertrampf; DI Mazariegos; M Arredondo; A Letelier; et.al..-- pp. 577-81.-- En: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 76, 3 (2002)
ABSORCION   ADULTO   DISPONIBILIDAD BIOLOGICA   COMPUESTOS FERROSOS   GLICINA   HEMOGLOBINAS   HUMANO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   HIERRO   AGENTES QUELATINICOS DE HIERRO   ESTADO NUTRICIONAL
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-5974
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    BACKGROUND: The enterocytic absorption pathway of the food fortificant iron bis-glycine chelate has been the subject of controversy because it is not clear whether that substance uses the classic nonheme-iron absorption pathway or a pathway similar to that of heme absorption. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study the absorption pathway of iron bis-glycine chelate in human subjects. DESIGN: Eighty-five healthy adult women were selected to participate in 1 of 6 iron-absorption studies. Study A involved the measurement of the dose-response curve of the absorption of ferrous sulfate (through a nonheme-iron absorption pathway); study B involved the competition of iron bis-glycine chelate with ferrous sulfate for the nonheme-iron absorption pathway; study C involved the measurement of the dose-response curve of heme-iron absorption; study D involved the competition of iron bis-glycine chelate with hemoglobin for the heme-iron absorption pathway; and studies E and F were the same as studies A and B, except that the iron bis-glycine chelate was encapsulated in enteric gelatin capsules so that it would not be processed in the stomach. RESULTS: Iron from the bis-glycine chelate competed with ferrous sulfate for the nonheme-iron absorption pathway. Iron from the bis-glycine chelate also competed with ferrous sulfate for absorption when liberated directly into the intestinal lumen. Iron from the bis-glycine chelate did not compete with heme iron for the heme-iron absorption pathway. CONCLUSION: The iron from iron bis-glycine chelate delivered at the level of the stomach or duodenum becomes part of the nonheme-iron pool and is absorbed as such.




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The influence of ffod on the absorption and metabolism of drugs / L Williams; JA Davis; DT Lowenthal.-- pp. 815-30.-- En: The Medical Clinics of North America.-- 77, 4 (1993)
Notas de Contenido:
Revista en estanteria
DISPONIBILIDAD BIOLOGICA   DIETA   ALIMENTOS   INTERACCIONES ALIMENTO-DROGA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   MICRONUTRIENTES   TRASTORNOS NUTRICIONALES   PREPARACIONES FARMACEUTICAS
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Food-drug interactions can lead to a loss of therapeutic efficacy or toxic effects of drug therapy. Generally, the effect of food on drugs results in a reduction in the drug's bioavailability; however, food can also alter drug clearance. The benefits of considering metabolism and pharmacokinetic information in the drug discovery process have been highlighted by Humphrey and Smith (79) and the process of rational drug design should include considerations of the chemistry, pharmacology and pharmacokinetics of the drug (80) and the impact of diet on these parameters.




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Effects of stunting, diarrhoeal disease, and parasitic infection during infancy on cognition in late childhood: a follow-up study / DS Berkman; AG Lescano; RH Gilman; SL Lopez; MM Black.-- p. 564-71.-- En: Lancet.-- 359, 9306 (2002)
ADOLESCENTE   AGENTES ANTITRICOMONAS   NIÑO   COBRE   ENTEROBIASIS   GIARDIASIS   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   PARASITOSIS INTESTINALES   MAGNESIO   PAMOATO DE PIRANTEL
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Solicite el material por este código: AS-6155
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Parasitic infections are highly prevalent in the general population. A relation between a parasitic infection and absorption of minerals is not an easy task. Serum levels of copper, zinc and magnesium were prospectively measured in 64 children with intestinal parasitic infection. Thirty-nine children with Enterobius vermicularis were treated with pyrantel pamoate and 25 children with Giardia lamblia with tinidazole and metronidazole. Three months after treatment, significant differences in serum copper, zinc and magnesium were seen in patients with E. vermicularis infection, and in serum magnesium levels in patients with G. lamblia. Although the pathogenic mechanism is not clear, these findings could reflect a deficiency related to malabsorption due to mucous affection. Early detection and treatment of intestinal parasitosis could avoid these serum mineral deficiencies.




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Chronic diarrhea and malabsorption / D Branski; A Lerner; E Lebenthal.-- pp. 307-32.-- En: Clínicas Pediátricas de Norteamérica.-- 43, 2 (1996)
Notas de Contenido:
Revista en estanteria
DIARREA INFANTIL   ENFERMEDAD CRONICA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   SINDROMES DE MALABSORCION   LACTANTE   PREESCOLAR
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Diarrhea is one of the major causes of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. Major advances in understanding the pathophysiology of chronic diarrhea and malabsorption have taken place during the past three decades. Analysis of absorptive and secretory functions of the intestine has provided some insight into the possible causes of diarrhea. This article summarizes some of the specific causes of malabsorptive diarrhea in infancy and childhood, with emphasis on pathophysiology and approaches to therapy.




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Electrolyte fluxes in the gut and oral rehydration solutions / SA Acra; GK Ghishan.-- pp. 433-49.-- En: Clínicas Pediátricas de Norteamérica.-- 43, 2 (1996)
Notas de Contenido:
Revista en estanteria
ENFERMEDAD AGUDA   DIARREA INFANTIL   FLUIDOTERAPIA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   MUCOSA INTESTINAL   DESEQUILIBRIO HIDROELECTROLITICO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    This article provides a brief overview of the normal physiology of water and electrolyte fluxes across the gut as a prerequisite for understanding the pathologic disturbances occurring with diarrheal illnesses. In turn, the rationale for the use of oral rehydration solutions in diarrheal disorders is explored.




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Hierro y lactancia materna / IJ Griffin; SA Abrams.-- pp. 405-18.-- En: Clínicas Pediátricas de Norteamérica.-- 48, 2 (2001)
Notas de Contenido:
Revista en estanteria
LACTANCIA MATERNA   RECIEN NACIDO   HIERRO   ANEMIA FERROPENICA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   DESTETE
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata




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Serum mineral levels in children with intestinal parasitic infection / JL Olivares; R Fernández; J Fleta; G Rodríguez; A Clavel.-- pp. 258-61.-- En: Digestive Diseases.-- 21, 3 (2003)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
ENTEROBIASIS   ADOLESCENTE   NIÑO   GIARDIASIS   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   CINC   MAGNESIO   COBRE
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Parasitic infections are highly prevalent in the general population. A relation between a parasitic infection and absorption of minerals is not an easy task. Serum levels of copper, zinc and magnesium were prospectively measured in 64 children with intestinal parasitic infection. Thirty-nine children with Enterobius vermicularis were treated with pyrantel pamoate and 25 children with Giardia lamblia with tinidazole and metronidazole. Three months after treatment, significant differences in serum copper, zinc and magnesium were seen in patients with E. vermicularis infection, and in serum magnesium levels in patients with G. lamblia. Although the pathogenic mechanism is not clear, these findings could reflect a deficiency related to malabsorption due to mucous affection. Early detection and treatment of intestinal parasitosis could avoid these serum mineral deficiencies.

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Milk formulas in acute gastroenteritis and malnutrition: a randomized trial / RH Kukuruzovic; DR Brewster.-- pp. 571-77.-- En: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health.-- 38, 6 (2002)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
DIARREA INFANTIL   ALIMENTOS INFANTILES   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   INTOLERANCIA A LA LACTOSA   CONCENTRACION OSMOLAR
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    OBJECTIVE: To compare three low-lactose milk formulas differing in osmolality and degree of protein hydrolysis in the treatment of diarrhoea and malnutrition in subjects with high rates of lactose intolerance, osmotic diarrhoea and a tropical/environmental enteropathy. METHODS: A randomized double-blind trial of 180 Aboriginal children under 3 years of age admitted with acute diarrhoea and/or malnutrition was carried out. The intervention milk formulas were: (i) De-Lact, a low-osmolality lactose-free formula; (ii) O-Lac, a lactose-free formula; and (iii) Alfaré, a partially hydrolysed formula. Outcome measures were diarrhoeal severity, weight gain, formula palatability and changes in intestinal permeability (L/R ratios). RESULTS: The duration of diarrhoea in days (mean; 95% confidence interval) was significantly longer on Alfaré (8.5; 7.0-10.0) compared to De-Lact (6.1; 5.0-7.2) and O-Lac (6.9; 5.6-8.1; P = 0.04). There were no differences in mean intake between formulas, but palatability of Alfaré was significantly worse (P < 0.01) than the other formulas. Over the trial 5 days, improvement in L/R ratios was significantly greater (P = 0.05) for De-Lact (18.6; 10.6-26.6) than for Alfaré (8.5; 2.1-14.9). Weight gain was not significantly different between the three formulas, except in a malnourished subgroup who had better weight gain on De-Lact (P = 0.05)......continua.

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Importance of folate in human nutrition / K Krishnaswamy; K Madhavan Nair.-- pp. S115-S24.-- En: British Journal of Nutrition.-- 85, Suppl 2 (2001)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
HOMOCISTEINA   FOLATO   ACIDO FOLICO   DEFICIENCIA DE ACIDO FOLICO   NEOPLASMAS   EMBARAZO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   SALUD PUBLICA
Categoría geográfica: INDIA  
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    From a public health perspective, some of the new insights into folic acid nutrition are of significance. Folate intake recommendations vary under different conditions. Intake of 350 microg is required to maintain plasma homocysteine levels, 650 microg for those with elevated plasma homocysteine, about 400 microg for women planning to become pregnant and 4000 microg for those with history of neural tube defect affected pregnancy. This raises the question whether the folate intake is adequate for the general population, particularly in the vulnerable groups or whether there is a need for scientists to take a fresh view of the requirements, recommended dietary intakes, and consider intervention measures which will have impact on the folate nutritional status.....continua.

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Diagnosis and treatment of intestinal malabsorption in cystic fibrosis / JM Littlewood; SP Wolfe; SP Conway.-- pp. 35-49.-- En: Pediatric Pulmonology.-- 41 (2006)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
FIBROSIS QUISTICA   SINDROMES DE MALABSORCION   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   ENZIMAS
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Intestinal malabsorption is severe and of early onset in virtually all people who have cystic fibrosis. The main cause is deficiency of pancreatic enzymes. Bicarbonate deficiency, abnormal bile salts, mucosal transport problems, motility differences, and anatomical structural changes are other contributory factors. Effective treatment should allow a normal to high-fat diet to be taken, control symptoms, correct malabsorption, and achieve a normal nutritional state and growth. Appropriate pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy will achieve normal or near-normal absorption in most people with cystic fibrosis. Early identification and treatment of intestinal malabsorption is critical to achieving optimal nutritional status. The occurrence of fibrosing colonopathy in a few patients on very high doses of those enzymes which have the copolymer Eudragit L30D55in their covering resulted in guidelines in theUKto avoid doses equivalent to more than 10,000 IU lipase per kg per day, and also to avoid preparations containing this copolymer in children and adolescents. For patients not responding to 10,000 IU lipase per kg per day review of adherence to treatment, change of enzyme preparation, variation in time of administration, and reduction in gastric acid may improve absorption. The importance of early investigation to exclude other gastrointestinal disorders as a cause of the patient’s symptoms, rather than merely increasing the dose of enzymes, is stressed. With modern pancreatic enzymes in doses up to or only slightly in excess of 10,000 IU lipase per kg per day, adequate control of gastrointestinal symptoms and absorption can be achieved, and a normal nutritional state and growth rate maintained in most people with cystic fibrosis.

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Energy balance and the accuracy of reported energy intake in preadolescent children with cystic fibrosis / J Trabulsi; JI Schall; RF Ittenbach; IE Olsen; M Yudkoff; Y Daikhin; et.al..-- pp. 523-30.-- En: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 84, 3 (2006)
Notas de Contenido:
Material no impreso
FIBROSIS QUISTICA   DESARROLLO INFANTIL   METABOLISMO ENERGETICO   INGESTION DE ENERGIA   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   NIÑO
Ubicación: Centro de Información y Documentación (CANIA)   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    BACKGROUND: Suboptimal growth and nutritional status are common among children with cystic fibrosis (CF) and pancreatic insufficiency (PI). A better understanding of energy balance is required to improve prevention and treatment of malnutrition. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to characterize energy balance and the reporting accuracy of dietary intake in children with CF by evaluating the relations between energy intake (EI), energy expenditure (EE), fecal energy loss, nutritional status, and growth. DESIGN: The subjects were participants of a 24-mo prospective study of children 6-10 y of age with CF and PI. EE, EI, fecal energy loss, and anthropometric measures were obtained at baseline and at 24 mo. RESULTS: The children (n = 69) had suboptimal growth at baseline (x +/- SD: weight-for-age z score, -0.53 +/- 1.19; adjusted height-for-age z score, -0.67 +/- 1.06; body mass index z score, -0.29 +/- 1.12), and these variables remained suboptimal at 24 mo....continua.

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Effect of 8 week intake of probiotic milk products on risk factors for cardiovascular diseases / L Agerholm Larsen; A Raben; N Haulrik; AS Hansen; M Manders; A Astrup.-- pp. 288-97.-- En: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 54, 4 (2000)
ENFERMEDADES CARDIOVASCULARES   PROBIOTICOS   FIBRINOGENO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   LACTOBACILLUS   YOGUR   FACTORES DE RIESGO   ADULTO
Ubicación: CANIA. CD   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    To investigate the effect of a probiotic milk product containing the culture CAUSIDO(R) and of two alternative products on risk factors for cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese subjects.An 8 week randomized, double-blind, placebo- and compliance-controlled, parallel study.Seventy healthy, weight-stable, overweight and obese (25.0 25.0


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49/53
Effect of 8 week intake of probiotic milk products on risk factors for cardiovascular diseases / L Agerholm Larsen; A Raben; N Haulrik; AS Hansen; M Manders; A Astrup.-- pp. 288-97.-- En: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition.-- 54, 4 (2000)
ENFERMEDADES CARDIOVASCULARES   COLESTEROL LDL   LACTOBACILLUS ACIDOPHILUS   PRESION SANGUINEA   FIBRINOGENO   ABSORCION INTESTINAL   PROBIOTICOS   YOGUR
Ubicación: CANIA. CD   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    To investigate the effect of a probiotic milk product containing the culture CAUSIDO(R) and of two alternative products on risk factors for cardiovascular disease in overweight and obese subjects.An 8 week randomized, double-blind, placebo- and compliance-controlled, parallel study.Seventy healthy, weight-stable, overweight and obese (25.0


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Total fluoride intake and urinary excretion in 4-year-old Iranian children residing in low-fluoride areas / FV Zohouri; AJ Rugg-Gunn.-- pp. 15-25.-- En: British Journal of Nutrition.-- 83, 1 (2000)
ABSORCION INTESTINAL   FLUORUROS   INGESTION DE ALIMENTOS   INGESTION DE LIQUIDOS   CEPILLADO   PREESCOLAR
Categoría geográfica: IRAN  
Ubicación: CANIA. CD   
Tipo de Material:
Separata

    Knowledge of levels of fluoride ingestion and excretion is important in planning optimum fluoride therapy for young children. In previous literature, it has been assumed that only about one-third of ingested fluoride is excreted in young children. The aims of the present study were (a) to measure total fluoride intake, urinary fluoride excretion and fluoride balance, and (b) to investigate the effect of air temperature on fluoride intake and urinary fluoride excretion, in young children. Children (4 years old) living in a city, a small town and rural areas of Fars province, Iran, where drinking water contained 0.30-0.39 mg F/l, were invited to participate. Selection of subjects was by random sampling of kindergartens or health centres....Continúa.

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